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Seminar: Experimental mapping of the quantum phase diagram for the two-impurity Kondo effect

Time: 4:00pm, Thursday, June 8th, 2017

Location: Room 242, East 4 teaching building , Zijingang Campus



Juhn-Jong Lin (林志忠)

Institute of Physics, national Chiao Tung University (台灣交通大學)


Abstract:

Quantum phase transitions are governed by competing interaction parameters in the Hamiltonian of a physical system. They are of fundamenta conceptual interest but nontrivial to realize experimentally. The two-impurity Kondo (2IK) effect provides an appealing system to verify theoretical predictions of an interesting and nontrivial quantum phase transition. In a conduction electron Fermi sea containing dilute spin-½ magnetic moments, the local magnetic moments can be fully screened by the spins of conduction electrons, leading to the Kondo-screened ground state at zero temperature. The local magnetic moments can also interact with each other, leading to a RKKY-coupled (e.g., local spin-singlet) ground state. Theory predicts that a quantum critical point separates these two ground states and evolves into a quantum critical regime at finite temperatures. We demonstrate that the experimental mapping of the quantum phase diagram for the 2IK effect is possible by using an Al/AlOx/Y tunnel junction system. In our design, a few yttrium atoms situating at the AlOx/Y interface can serve as spin-½ magnetic moments and cause the exotic Kond effect with an induced magnetic quantum phase transition.